Diabetes mellitus is a common disorder of the endocrine system caused when the body is unable to produce or respond to the effects of insulin. Diabetes, as it is commonly shortened to, affects an estimated 387 million people worldwide and over 25 million people each year in the United States alone. Insulin is one of the main hormones regulating blood sugar levels and is used to convert glucose into energy for the body. The three types of diabetes, type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes, all involve the bodies ability to produce insulin as well as its ability to properly regulate blood-sugar levels.
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, occurs because the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas are destroyed by the immune system. The onset of type 1 diabetes is sudden and mostly occurs in children under the age of 20. A person diagnosed with type 1 diabetes must take a daily insulin shot and make sure they take good care of their feet. Type 1 diabetes can be accompanied by unpredictable blood-sugar levels as well as diabetic ketoacidosis.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and is due primarily to genetics and lifestyle factors. The body is able to produce insulin, but it may decrease over time as the pancreas either does not produce enough insulin or the body fails to recognize it. Type 2 diabetes is caused by obesity, not getting enough physical exercise, using tobacco, and having an unhealthy diet. If diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, it can be controlled through exercise and a healthy diet or through medication, and doctors may be able to detect high sugar levels before it turns into diabetes.
Gestational diabetes occurs in about 4% of all pregnancies and is due to hormonal changes affecting insulin’s ability to function properly. Pregnant women at risk of developing gestational diabetes can be due to genetics, race, age, and body weight. While blood-sugar levels tend to go down within six weeks of childbirth, untreated gestational diabetes can cause issues in the mother and child during pregnancies.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include increased thirst hunger and thirst, dry mouth, fatigue, and frequent urination. These symptoms can appear quickly and be debilitating. Type 2 diabetes can show the above symptoms or none at all. Diabetes cannot be cured but it can be controlled through exercise and a proper diet as well as maintaining cholesterol, triglyceride, and blood pressure levels at normal.
A doctor or physical therapist can help you control your diabetes as well as prescribe you a proper exercise routine to keep your diabetes under control.
We feel like we have the best physical therapists around. Did you know you don’t need a referral to get help from a Physical Therapist? Direct access is available for you, please call us and set up an evaluation so we can help get you back on your feet. In Orange County we offer Physical Therapy in Chester, Goshen, Monroe, Port Jervis, and Montgomery. Westchester County has Physical Therapy in Armonk, Bedford, and Hawthorne. In Ulster County we offer Physical Therapy in Wallkill, while in Sullivan County you can get Physical Therapy in Liberty. To round out our 12 locations in New York, those living in Rockland County can go to Physical Therapy in New City as well as Pomona. If you happen to live in PA, we also have Physical Therapy in Milford and Dingmans Ferry of Pike County. Give us a call today!